It is based on what type of hernia is present. Hernia surgery can be performed robotically, laparoscopically or through open incisions. Oftentimes, a synthetic mesh is used to reinforce the area.
In most laparoscopic appendectomies, surgeons operate through 3 small incisions (each ¼ to ½ inch) while watching a magnified image of the patient’s internal organs on a computer monitor. In some cases, one of the small openings may be lengthened to complete the procedure. Advantages of Robotic/Laparoscopic appendectomy are: less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay, quicker return to normal activity, and better cosmetic results.
There are a number of disorders of the spleen that may require removal of the spleen, called splenectomy. Some disorders of the spleen cause excessive destruction of red blood cells, destruction of platelets, and types of lymphoma or leukemia may require splenectomy as well. Sometimes the blood supply to the spleen becomes blocked (infarct) or the artery abnormally expands (aneurysm) and the spleen needs to be removed. Rarely, the spleen can become infected and requires surgical removal. Splenectomy can be performed laparoscopically or through open incisions.
Gallbladder removal is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Surgical removal of the gallbladder is the most effective and safest treatment of gallbladder disease. Removal of the gallbladder is not associated with any impairment of digestion in most people. Gallbladder removal surgery is usually performed with minimally invasive techniques called Robotic or Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy or Robotic or Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal. It is often indicated for problems of the gallbladder including gallbladder polyps, biliary colic, gallstones, and infection of the gallbladder called cholecystitis.
In the event of stomach cancer part of the stomach is removed. For a small tumor, this can be performed laparoscopically. For larger tumors, an open incision is required. When medical treatment for peptic ulcer disease fails, surgery may be performed in order to decrease secretion, stop bleeding and repair perforation or redirect the flow of gastric contents in the case of an obstruction. In hiatal hernias where the stomach can twist up next to the esophagus, surgery is performed in order to repair the hernia as well as replace the stomach to its normal location. The surgeon may also tighten the opening to prevent the hernia from recurring.
Liver biopsy is performed laparoscopically often to diagnose liver problems or tumors. Partial resection the liver is performed when there is liver cancer present. It may be done with open incisions or through a laparoscope. The surgeon will decide how much of the liver needs to be resected based on the size and location of the tumor. Advantages of performing laparoscopic liver surgery: Rather than a large incision, the operation requires only a few small openings in the abdomen. Patients usually have minimal post-operative pain. Patients usually experience faster recovery than open liver surgery patients. Most patients go home the same day of the surgery and enjoy a quicker return to normal activities.
Adrenal Gland Disorders
Removal of one or both adrenal glands is called adrenalectomy. The adrenal glands are two small glands located just above the kidney on each side of the body. Indications for this surgery include benign or cancerous tumors of the adrenal gland, often with excess hormone production. This surgery can be done through an open incision or through a laparoscope. Surgeons will disconnect the gland from the surrounding blood vessels and tissues. The glands are then removed. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy performed using small incisions in the abdomen. The surgeon inserts a camera and instruments into the incisions. The gland is then removed with visualization through the camera with the use of small instruments.
If one suffers from moderate to severe “heartburn” the surgeon may have recommended Antireflux Surgery. Surgery for gatroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) includes a procedure to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter function and thereby prevent reflux. It is usually performed robotically or laparoscopically. In the event of esophageal cancer, partial or complete resection of the esophagus may become necessary. Resection of the esophagus cancer can be done through open incisions or through a laparoscope. The surgery may also reconstruct the esophagus.
The surgeon may remove part of the pancreas or the entire pancreas along with other digestive organs including part of the stomach, small intestine, gallbladder, and common bile duct. The type of surgery depends on the stage of the cancer.
Soft Tissue and Skin Surgery
Soft tissue masses, both benign and malignant occur in many parts of the body. These can occur in many types of tissue including connective tissue, fat, skin, and muscle. They can be solid masses or fluid-filled cysts. Depending on the location and consistency of the mass, surgery will differ. The masses are sent to a pathologist for biopsy to determine their origin. If the masses found to be malignant, further surgery and other treatments may be indicated.
WHAT IS COLON CANCER?
Colon cancer is a cancer developing in someone's colon (large intestine). It is the third leading cause of cancer amongst men and women in the U.S. Usually colon cancer starts as a growth on the inner lining of the colon. These growths are called polyps. Some polyps can transform into cancerous tumors with time.
SYMPTOMS OF COLON CANCER
Can include change in bowel habits, bleeding per rectum, anemia, abdominal pain, bloating, weight loss etc. Regular colon cancer screening are important since colon polyps and early cancer may have no cancer-specific early signs or symptoms.
TREATMENTS OF COLON CANCER
Depends on the part of the colon involved, size of the tumor, and extent of cancer spread, as well as the health of the patient. Surgery is the most common treatment for colon cancer. Surgery is usually done robotically or laparoscopically. In some instances open surgery is necessary. Early-stage colon cancers are typically treatable by surgery alone. More advanced stages of colon cancer can require chemotherapy.
Small Intestine Surgery
Surgery may be indicated for obstruction of small intestine, caused by scar tissue, small intestine masses, internal hernia, intussusception of the small intestine etc. Small intestine surgery can be done robotically, laparoscopically or open.